“For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.” 2 Cor. 5:21
Today, let’s continue with a look at the prophets, specifically the Former Prophets which consist of Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings. First, let’s go back to God’s covenant with Abraham to see the progression.
Genesis 22:17-18 I will surely bless you, and I will surely multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and as the sand that is on the seashore. And you offspring shall possess the gate of his enemies, and in your offspring shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice.”
God warned Moses’ successor, Joshua to obey all that was commanded Moses, and things went pretty good until he died. Yet, he didn’t possess the gate of his enemies, so the Messiah, the one to come, wasn’t Joshua. Then things changed. You may remember this line repeated in Judges, “In those days there was no king in Israel. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.” The judges weren’t the Messiah, either.
Then along comes David, a man after God’s own heart. Let’s see what there is for him.
2 Samuel 7:11b-16 Moreover, the Lord declares to you that the Lord will make you a house. When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.”
Now, the question centers around “iniquity.” The Messiah, Jesus, never sinned. Can this still be about Jesus or is it about Solomon, who actually built the temple? We see in 1 Kings 6:12 that his promise to Solomon was conditional and that Solomon went down in flames, so to say.
1 Kings 6:12 “Concerning this house that you are building, if you will walk in my statutes and obey my rules and keep all my commandments and walk in them, then I will establish my word with you, which I spoke to David your father.
1 Kings 11:4-6 For when Solomon was old his wives turned away his heart after other gods, and his heart was not wholly true to the Lord his God, as was the heart of David his father. For Solomon when after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and after Milcom the abomination ofthe Ammonites. So Solomon did what was evil in the sight of the Lord and did not wholly follow the Lord, as David his father had done.
However, there is another passage in Chronicles that leaves out this “iniquity” issue.
1 Chronicles 17:13 I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. I will not take my steadfast love from him, as I took it from him who was before you.
Apparently, this future Messiah could have been any of the kings after David but ultimately was fulfilled in Jesus because he alone had no sin. And we know from our bible reading that there was a long line of kings, some good, but most were bad. Even the good ones fell away in the end.
Only Jesus remained qualified. Abraham’s seed. From the clan of Judah. Through the House of David.
Father, how interesting is all this! Amen!
Source: The Moody Handbook of Messianic Prophecy p. 125-126
Copyright © 2020 Scott Powers